Nobel Prize Winners by country - Nobel laureates List

United States tops the first in the rank list with most number of noble prize winners 353 followed by the UK with 125 and Germany with 105. The Nobel Prizes are awarded from 1901 with laureates from 30 countries or territories. In the 104 years of its existence, the Nobel Prize has been awarded to close to 800 laureates.


List of Nobel Laureates


Argentina

César Milstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1984


Adolfo Pérez Esquivel, Peace, 1980

Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970

Bernardo Houssay, Physiology or Medicine, 1947

Carlos Saavedra Lamas, Peace, 1936

Australia

Brian Schmidt, born in the United States, Physics, 2011


Elizabeth Blackburn, Physiology or Medicine, 2009

Barry Marshall, Physiology or Medicine, 2005

J. Robin Warren, Physiology or Medicine, 2005

Peter C. Doherty & Professor Rolf Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996

John Harsanyi, Economics, 1994

John Cornforth, Chemistry, 1975

Patrick White, born in the United Kingdom, Literature, 1973

Alexander Prokhorov, Physics, 1964

John Carew Eccles, Physiology or Medicine, 1963

Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Physiology or Medicine, 1960

Howard Florey, Physiology or Medicine, 1945

Austria

Martin Karplus, Chemistry, 2013


International Atomic Energy Agency, Peace, 2005

Elfriede Jelinek, Literature, 2004

Eric Kandel, Physiology or Medicine, 2000

Walter Kohn, Chemistry, 1998

Friedrich Hayek, Economics, 1974

Konrad Lorenz, Physiology or Medicine, 1973

Karl von Frisch, Physiology or Medicine, 1973

Max Perutz, Chemistry, 1962

Wolfgang Pauli, Physics, 1945

Richard Kuhn, Chemistry, 1938

Otto Loewi, Physiology or Medicine, 1936

Victor Francis Hess, Physics, 1936

Erwin Schrödinger, Physics, 1933

Karl Landsteiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1930

Julius Wagner-Jauregg, Physiology or Medicine, 1927

Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Chemistry, 1925

Fritz Pregl, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923

Róbert Bárány, Physiology or Medicine, 1914

Alfred Hermann Fried, Peace, 1911

Bertha von Suttner, born in the then Austrian Empire, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905

Azerbaijan

Lev Landau, born in Baku, Azerbaijan, Physics, 1962

Bangladesh

Muhammad Yunus, born in then British Raj, now Bangladesh, Peace, 2006

Belarus

Svetlana Alexievich, Literature, 2015


Zhores Alferov, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000

Shimon Peres, as an Israeli citizen, Peace, 1994

Menachem Begin, as an Israeli citizen, Peace, 1978

Simon Kuznets, born in then Russian Empire, now Belarus, Economics, 1971

Belgium

François Englert, Physics, 2013


Ilya Prigogine, born in Russia, Chemistry, 1977

Christian de Duve, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Albert Claude, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Dominique Pire, Peace, 1958

Corneille Heymans, Physiology or Medicine, 1938

Jules Bordet, Physiology or Medicine, 1919

Henri La Fontaine, Peace, 1913

Maurice Maeterlinck, Literature, 1911

Auguste Beernaert, Peace, 1909

Institut de Droit International, Peace, 1904

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Vladimir Prelog, born in Sarajevo, then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975


Ivo Andrić, born in Travnik, then Austria–Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

Brazil

Peter Medawar, Physiology or Medicine, 1960. Although born in Brazil, he renounced his Brazilian Citizenship many years before receiving the Nobel prize.


Bulgaria

Elias Canetti, Literature, 1981

Canada

Arthur B. McDonald, Physics, 2015


Alice Munro, Literature, 2013

Ralph M. Steinman, Physiology or Medicine, 2011

Willard Boyle, Physics, 2009

Jack W. Szostak, born in the United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009

Robert Mundell, Economics, 1999

Myron Scholes, Economics, 1997

William Vickrey, Economics, 1996

Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Peace, 1995

Bertram Brockhouse, Physics, 1994

Michael Smith, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1993

Rudolph A. Marcus, Chemistry, 1992

Richard E. Taylor, Physics, 1990

Sidney Altman, Chemistry, 1989

John Polanyi, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1986

Henry Taube, Chemistry, 1983

David H. Hubel, Physiology or Medicine, 1981

Saul Bellow, Literature, 1976

Gerhard Herzberg, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1971

Charles B. Huggins, Physiology or Medicine, 1966

Lester B. Pearson, Peace, 1957

William Giauque, Chemistry, 1949

Frederick G. Banting, Physiology or Medicine, 1923

John James Rickard Macleod, born in Scotland, Physiology or Medicine, 1923

Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908

Chile

Pablo Neruda, Literature, 1971


Gabriela Mistral, Literature, 1945

China

Tu Youyou, Physiology or Medicine, 2015


Mo Yan, Literature, 2012

Liu Xiaobo, Peace, 2010

Ei-ichi Negishi, Chemistry, 2010

Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009

Gao Xingjian, Literature, 2000

Daniel C. Tsui, Physics, 1998

Edmond H. Fischer, Physiology or Medicine, 1992

14th Dalai Lama, Peace, 1989

Chen-Ning Yang, Physics, 1957

Tsung-Dao Lee, Physics, 1957

Walter Houser Brattain, Physics, 1956

Colombia

Juan Manuel Santos, Peace, 2016


Gabriel García Márquez, Literature, 1982

Costa Rica

Óscar Arias Sánchez, Peace, 1987

Croatia

Leopold Ružička, born in Austria-Hungary, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939


Vladimir Prelog, born in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975

Cyprus

Christopher A. Pissarides, Economics, 2010


Czech Republic

Jaroslav Seifert, Literature, 1984

Jaroslav Heyrovský, Chemistry, 1959

Carl Ferdinand Cori, born in Prague, Bohemia, then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Physiology or Medicine, 1947

Gerty Cori, born in Prague, Bohemia, then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Physiology or Medicine, 1947

Bertha von Suttner, born in Prague, Bohemia, then Austria-Hungary, now Czech Republic, Peace, 1905

Denmark

Jens Christian Skou, Chemistry, 1997


Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984

Aage Bohr, Physics, 1975

Ben Roy Mottelson, Physics, 1975

Johannes V. Jensen, Literature, 1944

Henrik Dam, Physiology or Medicine, 1943

Johannes Fibiger, Physiology or Medicine, 1926

Niels Bohr, Physics, 1922

August Krogh, Physiology or Medicine, 1920

Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Literature, 1917

Henrik Pontoppidan, Literature, 1917

Fredrik Bajer, Peace, 1908

Niels Ryberg Finsen, born in Faroe Islands, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

East Timor

Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, Peace, 1996

José Ramos-Horta, Peace, 1996

Egypt

Mohamed ElBaradei, Peace, 2005


Ahmed Zewail, Chemistry, 1999

Naguib Mahfouz, Literature, 1988

Anwar Sadat, Peace, 1978

Faroe Islands

Niels Ryberg Finsen, Physiology or Medicine, 1903

Finland

Bengt R. Holmström, Economics, 2016


Martti Ahtisaari, Peace, 2008

Ragnar Granit, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Physiology or Medicine, 1967

Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Chemistry, 1945

Frans Eemil Sillanpää, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, a part of the Russian Empire in 1809–1917, Literature, 1939

France


Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Chemistry, 2016

Jean Tirole, Economics, 2014

Patrick Modiano, Literature, 2014

Serge Haroche, born in Morocco, then under French protectorate, Physics, 2012

Jules A. Hoffmann, born in Luxembourg, Physiology or Medicine, 2011

J. M. G. Le Clézio, Literature, 2008

Luc Montagnier, Physiology or Medicine, 2008

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi, Physiology or Medicine, 2008

Albert Fert, Physics, 2007

Yves Chauvin, Chemistry, 2005

Gao Xingjian, born in China, Literature, 2000

Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999

Claude Cohen-Tannoudji, born in French Algeria, Physics, 1997

Georges Charpak, Physics, 1992

Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, Physics, 1991

Maurice Allais, Economics, 1988

Jean-Marie Lehn, Chemistry, 1987

Claude Simon, Literature, 1985

Gérard Debreu, Economics, 1983

Jean Dausset, Physiology or Medicine, 1980

Roger Guillemin, Physiology or Medicine, 1977

Seán MacBride, Peace, 1974

Louis Néel, Physics, 1970

Luis Federico Leloir, Chemistry, 1970

René Cassin, Peace, 1968

Alfred Kastler, Physics, 1966

François Jacob, Physiology or Medicine, 1965

Jacques Monod, Physiology or Medicine, 1965

André Lwoff, Physiology or Medicine, 1965

Jean-Paul Sartre, (declined the prize), Literature, 1964

Saint-John Perse, Literature, 1960

Albert Camus, born in French Algeria, Literature, 1957

André Frédéric Cournand, Physiology or Medicine, 1956

François Mauriac, Literature, 1952

Albert Schweitzer, born in Alsace, then in Germany, Peace, 1952

Léon Jouhaux, Peace, 1951

André Gide, Literature, 1947

Roger Martin du Gard, Literature, 1937

Frédéric Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935

Irène Joliot-Curie, Chemistry, 1935

Ivan Bunin, born in Russia, Literature, 1933

Louis de Broglie, Physics, 1929

Charles Nicolle, Physiology or Medicine, 1928

Henri Bergson, Literature, 1927

Ferdinand Buisson, Peace, 1927

Aristide Briand, Peace, 1926

Jean Baptiste Perrin, Physics, 1926

Anatole France, Literature, 1921

Léon Bourgeois, Peace, 1920

Romain Rolland, Literature, 1915

Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913

Charles Richet, Physiology or Medicine, 1913

Alexis Carrel, Medicine, 1912

Paul Sabatier, Chemistry, 1912

Victor Grignard, Chemistry, 1912

Marie Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Chemistry, 1911

Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant, Peace, 1909

Gabriel Lippmann, born in Luxembourg, Physics, 1908

Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, Physiology or Medicine, 1907

Louis Renault, Peace, 1907

Henri Moissan, Chemistry, 1906

Frédéric Mistral, Literature, 1904

Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics, 1903

Pierre Curie, Physics, 1903

Marie Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physics, 1903

Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901 (Dunant was Swiss)

Frédéric Passy, Peace, 1901

Sully Prudhomme, Literature, 1901

Germany

Stefan Hell, born in Romania, Chemistry, 2014


Thomas C. Südhof, Physiology or Medicine, 2013

Herta Müller, born in Romania, Literature, 2009

Harald zur Hausen, Physiology or Medicine, 2008

Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry, 2007

Peter Grünberg, born in then Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, now the Czech Republic, Physics, 2007

Theodor W. Hänsch, Physics, 2005

Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics, 2001

Herbert Kroemer, Physics, 2000

Günter Blobel, Physiology or Medicine, 1999

Günter Grass, born in then Free City of Danzig, now Poland, Literature, 1999

Horst L. Störmer, Physics, 1998

Paul J. Crutzen, born in Netherlands, Chemistry, 1995

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard, Physiology or Medicine, 1995

Reinhard Selten, Economics, 1994

Bert Sakmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1991

Erwin Neher, Physiology or Medicine, 1991

Hans G. Dehmelt, Physics, 1989

Wolfgang Paul, Physics, 1989

Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry, 1988

Robert Huber, Chemistry, 1988

Hartmut Michel, Chemistry, 1988

Jack Steinberger, Physics, 1988

J. Georg Bednorz, Physics, 1987

John Polanyi, Chemistry, 1986

Ernst Ruska, Physics, 1986

Gerd Binnig, Physics, 1986

Klaus von Klitzing, Physics, 1985

Georges J.F. Köhler, Physiology or Medicine, 1984

Georg Wittig, Chemistry, 1979

Arno Penzias, Physics, 1978

Henry Kissinger, Peace, 1978

Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry, 1973

Karl Ritter von Frisch, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1973

Heinrich Böll, Literature, 1972

Gerhard Herzberg, Chemistry, 1971

Willy Brandt, Peace, 1971

Bernard Katz, Physiology or Medicine, 1970

Max Delbrück, Physiology or Medicine, 1969

Manfred Eigen, Chemistry, 1967

Hans Albrecht Bethe, Physics, 1967

Nelly Sachs, Literature, 1966

Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen, Physiology or Medicine, 1964

Konrad Bloch, Physiology or Medicine, 1964

Karl Ziegler, Chemistry, 1963

Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Physics, 1963

J. Hans D. Jensen, Physics, 1963

Rudolf Mössbauer, Physics, 1961

Werner Forssmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1956

Polykarp Kusch, Physics, 1955

Max Born, Physics, 1954

Walther Bothe, Physics, 1954

Hermann Staudinger, Chemistry, 1953

Fritz Albert Lipmann, Physiology or Medicine, 1953

Hans Adolf Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1953

Albert Schweitzer, Peace, 1952

Otto Diels, Chemistry, 1950

Kurt Alder, Chemistry, 1950

Herman Hesse, Literature, 1946

Ernst Boris Chain, Physiology or Medicine, 1945

Otto Hahn, Chemistry, 1944

Otto Stern, Physics, 1943

Adolf Butenandt, Chemistry, 1939

Gerhard Domagk, Physiology or Medicine, 1939

Richard Kuhn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1938

Otto Loewi, Physiology or Medicine, 1936

Carl von Ossietzky, Peace, 1935

Hans Spemann, Physiology or Medicine, 1935

Werner Karl Heisenberg, Physics, 1932

Otto Heinrich Warburg, Physiology or Medicine, 1931

Carl Bosch, Chemistry, 1931

Friedrich Bergius, Chemistry, 1931

Hans Fischer, Chemistry, 1930

Thomas Mann, Literature, 1929

Hans von Euler-Chelpin, Chemistry, 1929

Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Chemistry, 1928

Ludwig Quidde, Peace, 1927

Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry, 1927

Gustav Stresemann, Peace, 1926

James Franck, Physics, 1925

Gustav Ludwig Hertz, Physics, 1925

Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Physiology or Medicine, 1922

Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921

Walther Nernst, Chemistry, 1920

Johannes Stark, Physics, 1919

Fritz Haber, Chemistry, 1918

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, Physics, 1918

Richard Willstätter, Chemistry, 1915

Max von Laue, Physics, 1914

Gerhart Hauptmann, born in then Prussia, now Poland, Literature, 1912

Wilhelm Wien, Physics, 1911

Otto Wallach, Chemistry, 1910

Albrecht Kossel, Physiology or Medicine, 1910

Paul Johann Ludwig Heyse, Literature, 1910

Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909

Wilhelm Ostwald, born in then Russia, now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909

Rudolf Christoph Eucken, Literature, 1908

Paul Ehrlich, Physiology or Medicine, 1908

Eduard Buchner, Chemistry, 1907

Robert Koch, Physiology or Medicine, 1905

Philipp Lenard, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Slovakia, Physics, 1905

Adolf von Baeyer, Chemistry, 1905

Hermann Emil Fischer, Chemistry, 1902

Theodor Mommsen, born in then Denmark, Literature, 1902

Emil Adolf von Behring, Physiology or Medicine, 1901

Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Physics, 1901

Ghana

Kofi Annan, Peace, 2001

Greece

Odysseas Elytis, Literature, 1979
Guatemala

Rigoberta Menchú, Peace, 1992


Miguel Ángel Asturias, Literature, 1967

Hong Kong

Charles K. Kao, Physics, 2009

Hungary

Avram Hershko, as an Israeli citizen, Chemistry, 2004


Imre Kertész, Literature, 2002

George Andrew Olah, Chemistry, 1994

John Harsanyi, Economics, 1994

John Polanyi, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1986

Dennis Gabor, Physics, 1971

Eugene Wigner, Physics, 1963

Georg von Békésy, Physiology or Medicine, 1961

George de Hevesy, Chemistry, 1943

Albert Szent-Györgyi, Physiology or Medicine, 1937

Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, Chemistry, 1925

Róbert Bárány, born in Austria-Hungary, Medicine, 1914

Philipp Lenard, Physics, 1905

Prelog, born in Austro-Hungarian codominium

Ruzicka born in Kingdom of Hungary
Iceland

Halldór Laxness, Literature, 1955

India

Kailash Satyarthi, Peace, 2014


Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, as a British and American Citizen, Chemistry, 2009

Amartya Sen, Economic Sciences, 1998

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar as an American Citizen, born in Lahore (now in Pakistan), Punjab, British India, Physics, 1983

Mother Teresa, born in then Ottoman Empire, now Macedonia, Peace, 1979

Har Gobind Khorana, as an American Citizen, Physiology or Medicine, 1968

C. V. Raman, Physics, 1930

Rabindranath Tagore, Literature, 1913

Rudyard Kipling, Literature, 1907

Ronald Ross, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

14th Dalai Lama, Peace, 1989

V.S. Naipaul, Literature, 2001

Iran

Doris Lessing, Literature, 2007


Shirin Ebadi, Peace, 2003

Ireland

William C. Campbell, Physiology or Medicine, 2015

John Hume, Peace, 1998

Seamus Heaney, Literature, 1995

Seán MacBride, Peace, 1974

Samuel Beckett, Literature, 1969

Ernest Walton, Physics, 1951

George Bernard Shaw, Literature, 1925

W. B. Yeats, Literature, 1923

Israel

Main article: List of Israeli Nobel laureates


Arieh Warshel, Chemistry, 2013

Michael Levitt, born in South Africa, Chemistry, 2013

Dan Shechtman, Chemistry, 2011

Ada Yonath, Chemistry, 2009

Robert Aumann, born in Germany, Economics, 2005

Aaron Ciechanover, Chemistry, 2004

Avram Hershko, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 2004

Daniel Kahneman, Economics, 2002

Yitzhak Rabin, Peace, 1994

Shimon Peres, born in then Poland, now Belarus, Peace, 1994

Menachem Begin, born in then Russia, now Belarus, Peace, 1978

Shmuel Yosef Agnon, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Ukraine, Literature, 1966

Italy

Giosuè Carducci, Literature, 1906


Camillo Golgi, Physiology or Medicine, 1906

Ernesto Teodoro Moneta, Peace, 1907

Guglielmo Marconi, Physics, 1909

Grazia Deledda, Literature, 1926

Luigi Pirandello, Literature, 1934

Enrico Fermi, Physics, 1938

Daniel Bovet, born in Switzerland, Physiology or Medicine, 1957

Salvatore Quasimodo, Literature, 1959

Emilio Segrè, Physics, 1959

Giulio Natta, Chemistry, 1963

Salvador Luria, Physiology or Medicine, 1969

Renato Dulbecco, Physiology or Medicine, 1975

Eugenio Montale, Literature, 1975

Carlo Rubbia, Physics, 1984

Franco Modigliani, Economics, 1985

Rita Levi-Montalcini, Physiology or Medicine, 1986

Dario Fo, Literature, 1997

Riccardo Giacconi, Physics, 2002

Mario Capecchi, Physiology or Medicine, 2007

Japan

Yoshinori Ohsumi, Physiology or Medicine, 2016


Takaaki Kajita, Physics, 2015

Satoshi Ōmura, Physiology or Medicine, 2015

Shuji Nakamura, Physics, 2014

Hiroshi Amano, Physics, 2014

Isamu Akasaki, Physics, 2014

Shinya Yamanaka, Physiology or Medicine, 2012

Akira Suzuki, Chemistry, 2010

Ei-ichi Negishi, born in China, Chemistry, 2010

Osamu Shimomura, Chemistry, 2008

Toshihide Maskawa, Physics, 2008

Makoto Kobayashi, Physics, 2008

Yoichiro Nambu, Physics, 2008

Koichi Tanaka, Chemistry, 2002

Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002

Ryōji Noyori, Chemistry, 2001

Hideki Shirakawa, Chemistry, 2000

Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994

Susumu Tonegawa, Physiology or Medicine, 1987

Kenichi Fukui, Chemistry, 1981

Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974

Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973

Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968

Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965

Hideki Yukawa, Physics, 1949

Kenya

Wangari Maathai, Peace, 2004

Latvia


Wilhelm Ostwald, born in then Russian Empire, Chemistry, 1909

Liberia

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Peace, 2011


Leymah Gbowee, Peace, 2011

Lithuania

Bernard Lown, Peace, 1985


Aaron Klug, Chemistry, 1982

Czesław Miłosz, Literature, 1980

Luxembourg

Jules A. Hoffmann, Physiology or Medicine, 2011

Gabriel Lippmann, Physics, 1908

Former Yugoslavian Republic of Macedonia

Mother Teresa, born in Uskub, Ottoman Empire, now Skopje, Macedonia; won the award as Indian Citizen, Peace, 1979

Mexico

Mario José Molina Henríquez, Chemistry, 1995

Octavio Paz Lozano, Literature, 1990

Alfonso García Robles, Peace, 1982

Myanmar (Burma)

Aung San Suu Kyi, Peace, 1991

Netherlands

Ben Feringa, Chemistry, 2016


Andre Geim, born in Soviet Union, now Russia, Physics, 2010

Martinus J. G. Veltman, Physics, 1999

Gerard 't Hooft, Physics, 1999

Paul J. Crutzen, Chemistry, 1995

Simon van der Meer, Physics, 1984

Nicolaas Bloembergen, Physics, 1981

Tjalling Koopmans, Economics, 1975

Nikolaas Tinbergen, Physiology or Medicine, 1973

Jan Tinbergen, Economics, 1969

Frits Zernike, Physics, 1953

Peter Debye, Chemistry, 1936

Christiaan Eijkman, Physiology or Medicine, 1929

Willem Einthoven, Physiology or Medicine, 1924

Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Physics, 1913

Tobias Asser, Peace, 1911

Johannes Diderik van der Waals, Physics, 1910

Pieter Zeeman, Physics, 1902

Hendrik Lorentz, Physics, 1902

Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, Chemistry, 1901

New Zealand

Alan MacDiarmid, Chemistry, 2000


Maurice Wilkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1962

Ernest Rutherford, Chemistry, 1908

Nigeria

Wole Soyinka, Literature, 1986


Norway

May-Britt Moser, Physiology or Medicine, 2014


Edvard Moser, Physiology or Medicine, 2014

Finn E. Kydland, Economics, 2004

Trygve Haavelmo, Economics, 1989

Ivar Giaever, Physics, 1973

Ragnar Frisch, Economics, 1969

Odd Hassel, Chemistry, 1969

Lars Onsager, Chemistry, 1968

Sigrid Undset, Literature, 1928

Fridtjof Nansen, Peace, 1922

Christian Lous Lange, Peace, 1921

Knut Hamsun, Literature, 1920

Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Literature, 1903

Pakistan

Malala Yousafzai, Peace, 2014


Abdus Salam, As Pakistani citizen born in then British India, now Pakistan, Physics, 1979

Palestine

Yasser Arafat, Born in Cairo, Egypt, Peace, 1994

Peru

Mario Vargas Llosa, Literature, 2010

Poland

Leonid Hurwicz, born in then Russian Republic, Economics, 2007


Wisława Szymborska, Literature, 1996

Joseph Rotblat, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Peace, 1995

Shimon Peres, as an Israeli citizen, Peace, 1994

Georges Charpak, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Physics, 1992

Lech Wałęsa, born in Nazi-occupied Poland Peace, 1983

Roald Hoffmann, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981

Czesław Miłosz, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), now Lithuania, Literature, 1980

Isaac Bashevis Singer, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1978

Andrew Schally, born in Wilno, Second Polish Republic (now Vilnius, Lithuania), Medicine, 1977

Tadeusz Reichstein, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physiology or Medicine, 1950

Władysław Reymont, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Literature, 1924

Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Chemistry, 1911

Henryk Sienkiewicz, Literature, 1905

Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born in partitioned Poland (Russian Empire), Physics, 1903

Portugal

José de Sousa Saramago, Literature, 1998


Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996

José Ramos-Horta, born in then Portuguese Timor, now East Timor, Peace, 1996

António Egas Moniz, Physiology or Medicine, 1949

Romania


Stefan Hell, Chemistry, 2014

Herta Müller, Literature, 2009

Elie Wiesel, Peace, 1986

George E. Palade, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Ioan Moraru, Peace, 1985

Russia and Soviet Union

Andre Geim, Physics, 2010

Konstantin Novoselov, Physics, 2010

Leonid Hurwicz, Economics, 2007

Alexei Alexeyevich Abrikosov, Physics, 2003

Vitaly Ginzburg, Physics, 2003

Zhores Alferov, born in then Soviet Union, now Belarus, Physics, 2000

Mikhail Gorbachev, Peace, 1990

Joseph Brodsky, Literature, 1987

Pyotr Kapitsa, Physics, 1978

Menachem Begin, as an Israeli citizen, Peace, 1978

Ilya Prigogine, Chemistry, 1977

Andrei Sakharov, Peace, 1975

Leonid Kantorovich, Economics, 1975

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Literature, 1970

Mikhail Sholokhov, Literature, 1965

Nikolay Basov, Physics, 1964

Alexander Prokhorov, born in Australia, Physics, 1964

Lev Landau, born in then Russian Empire, now Azerbaijan, laureate when citizen of the Soviet Union, Physics, 1962

Boris Pasternak, Literature, 1958 (forced to decline)

Pavel Cherenkov, Physics, 1958

Igor Tamm, Physics, 1958

Ilya Mikhailovich Frank, Physics, 1958

Nikolay Semyonov, Chemistry, 1956

Ivan Bunin, Literature, 1933

Wilhelm Ostwald, born in now Latvia, Chemistry, 1909

Élie Metchnikoff, born in now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908

Ivan Pavlov, Physiology or Medicine, 1904

Saint Lucia

Derek Walcott, Literature, 1992

W. Arthur Lewis, Economics, 1979

Serbia

Ivo Andrić, born in Travnik, then Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961

Slovenia

Friderik Pregl, born in Austria-Hungary, now Slovenia, Chemistry, 1923


Lučka Kajfež Bogataj, Peace, 2007 ( with Al Gore and IPCC)

South Africa

Michael Levitt, as an Israeli citizen, Chemistry, 2013


J. M. Coetzee, Literature, 2003

Sydney Brenner, Physiology or Medicine, 2002

F. W. de Klerk, Peace, 1993

Nelson Mandela, Peace, 1993

Nadine Gordimer, Literature, 1991

Desmond Tutu, Peace, 1984

Aaron Klug, Chemistry, 1982

Allan M. Cormack, Physiology or Medicine, 1979

Albert Lutuli, born in then Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, Peace, 1960

Max Theiler, Physiology or Medicine, 1951

South Korea

Kim Dae-jung, Peace, 2000


Charles J. Pedersen, Chemistry, 1987
Spain

Camilo José Cela, Literature, 1989


Vicente Aleixandre, Literature, 1977

Severo Ochoa, Physiology or Medicine, 1959

Juan Ramón Jiménez, Literature, 1956

Jacinto Benavente, Literature, 1922

Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Physiology or Medicine, 1906

José Echegaray, Literature, 1904

Sweden

Tomas Lindahl, Chemistry, 2015


Tomas Tranströmer, Literature, 2011

Arvid Carlsson, Physiology or Medicine, 2000

Alva Myrdal, Peace, 1982

Sune Bergström, Physiology or Medicine, 1982

Bengt I. Samuelsson, Physiology or Medicine, 1982

Kai Siegbahn, Physics, 1981

Torsten Wiesel, Physiology or Medicine, 1981

Bertil Ohlin, Economics, 1977

Eyvind Johnson, Literature, 1974

Harry Martinson, Literature, 1974

Gunnar Myrdal, Economics, 1974

Ulf von Euler, Physiology or Medicine, 1970

Hannes Alfvén, Physics, 1970

Ragnar Granit, born in the Grand Duchy of Finland, then a part of Russia, Physiology or Medicine, 1967

Nelly Sachs, born in Germany, Literature, 1966

Dag Hammarskjöld, Peace, 1961 (posthumously)

Pär Lagerkvist, Literature, 1951

Arne Tiselius, Chemistry, 1948

Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Literature, 1931 (posthumously)

Nathan Söderblom, Peace, 1930

Hans von Euler-Chelpin, born in Germany, Chemistry, 1929

Theodor Svedberg, Chemistry, 1926

Karl Manne Siegbahn, Physics, 1924

Hjalmar Branting, Peace, 1921

Carl Gustaf Verner von Heidenstam, Literature, 1916

Gustaf Dalén, Physics, 1912

Allvar Gullstrand, Physiology or Medicine, 1911

Selma Lagerlöf, Literature, 1909

Klas Pontus Arnoldson, Peace, 1908

Svante Arrhenius, Chemistry, 1903

Switzerland

Kurt Wüthrich, Chemistry, 2002


Médecins Sans Frontières, Peace, 1999

Rolf M. Zinkernagel, Physiology or Medicine, 1996

Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992

Richard R. Ernst, Chemistry, 1991

Karl Alexander Müller, Physics, 1987

Heinrich Rohrer, Physics, 1986

Georges J. F. Köhler, born in Germany (worked in Switzerland for 1976 to 1984), Physiology or Medicine, 1984

Werner Arber, Physiology or Medicine, 1978

Vladimir Prelog, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia-Herzegovina, Chemistry, 1975

Daniel Bovet, Physiology or Medicine, 1957

Felix Bloch, Physics, 1952

Tadeus Reichstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1950

Walter Rudolf Hess, Physiology or Medicine, 1949

Paul Hermann Müller, Physiology or Medicine, 1948

Hermann Hesse, born in Germany, Literature, 1946

Leopold Ružička, born in then Austria-Hungary, now Croatia, Chemistry, 1939

Paul Karrer, Chemistry, 1937

Albert Einstein, born in Germany, Physics, 1921

Charles Édouard Guillaume, Physics, 1920

Carl Spitteler, Literature, 1919

Alfred Werner, Chemistry, 1913

Theodor Kocher, Physiology or Medicine, 1909

Élie Ducommun, Peace, 1902

Charles Albert Gobat, Peace, 1902

Henry Dunant, Peace, 1901

Republic of China(Taiwan)

Main article: List of Chinese Nobel laureates

Yuan T. Lee, Chemistry, 1986

Tibet

14th Dalai Lama, Peace, 1989

Trinidad and Tobago

V. S. Naipaul, Literature, 2001

Tunisia

Tunisian National Dialogue Quartet, Peace, 2015.

Turkey

Aziz Sancar, Chemistry, 2015


Orhan Pamuk, Literature, 2006

Ukraine

Svetlana Alexievich, born in then Soviet Union, now Ukraine, Literature, 2015


Georges Charpak, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Physics, 1992

Shmuel Yosef Agnon, as an Israeli citizen, Literature, 1966

Selman Waksman, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952

Élie Metchnikoff, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1908

Roald Hoffmann, born in then Poland (Second Polish Republic), now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981

United Kingdom

Oliver Hart, Economics, 2016


Fraser Stoddart, Chemistry, 2016

David J. Thouless, Physics, 2016

F. Duncan M. Haldane, Physics, 2016

John M. Kosterlitz, Physics, 2016

Angus Deaton, Economics, 2015

Tomas Lindahl, born in Sweden, Chemistry, 2015

John O'Keefe, born in the United States, Physiology or Medicine, 2014

Michael Levitt, as an Israeli citizen, Chemistry, 2013

Peter Higgs, Physics, 2013

John B. Gurdon, Physiology or Medicine, 2012

Konstantin Novoselov, born in Russia, Physics, 2010

Robert G. Edwards, Physiology or Medicine, 2010

Doris Lessing, born in Iran, Literature, 2007

Sir Martin J. Evans, Physiology or Medicine, 2007

Oliver Smithies, Physiology or Medicine, 2007

Harold Pinter, Literature, 2005

Clive W. J. Granger, Economics, 2003

Anthony J. Leggett, Physics, 2003

Peter Mansfield, Physiology or Medicine, 2003

Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002

John E. Sulston, Physiology or Medicine, 2002

Tim Hunt, Physiology or Medicine, 2001

Paul Nurse, Physiology or Medicine, 2001

V. S. Naipaul, born in Trinidad, Literature, 2001

David Trimble, Peace, 1998

John Pople, Chemistry, 1998

John E. Walker, Chemistry, 1997

Harold Kroto, Chemistry, 1996

James A. Mirrlees, Economics, 1996

Joseph Rotblat, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Peace, 1995

Richard J. Roberts, Physiology or Medicine, 1993

Michael Smith, Chemistry, 1993

Ronald Coase, based in the United States, Economics, 1991

James W. Black, Physiology or Medicine, 1988

Niels Kaj Jerne, Physiology or Medicine, 1984

César Milstein, born in Argentina, Physiology or Medicine, 1984

Richard Stone, Economics, 1984

William Golding, Literature, 1983

Aaron Klug, born in Lithuania, Chemistry, 1982

John Robert Vane, Physiology or Medicine, 1982

Elias Canetti, born in Bulgaria, Literature, 1981

Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1980

Arthur Lewis, born on St. Lucia, Economics, 1979

Godfrey Hounsfield, Physiology or Medicine, 1979

Peter D. Mitchell, Chemistry, 1978

James Meade, Economics, 1977

Nevill Francis Mott, Physics, 1977

Amnesty International, Peace, 1977

Betty Williams, Peace, 1976

John Cornforth, born in Australia, Chemistry, 1975

Christian de Duve, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Friedrich Hayek, born in Austria, Economics, 1974

Martin Ryle, Physics, 1974

Antony Hewish, Physics, 1974

Patrick White, Literature, 1973

Geoffrey Wilkinson, Chemistry, 1973

Brian David Josephson, Physics, 1973

Rodney Robert Porter, Physiology or Medicine, 1972

John Hicks, Economics, 1972

Dennis Gabor, born in Hungary, Physics, 1971

Bernard Katz, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1970

Derek Harold Richard Barton, Chemistry, 1969

Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, Chemistry, 1967

George Porter, Chemistry, 1967

Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, Chemistry, 1964

Andrew Huxley, Physiology or Medicine, 1963

Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Physiology or Medicine, 1963

John Kendrew, Chemistry, 1962

Max Perutz, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1962

Francis Crick, Physiology or Medicine, 1962

Maurice Wilkins, born in New Zealand, Physiology or Medicine, 1962

Peter Medawar, born in Brazil, Physiology or Medicine, 1960

Philip Noel-Baker, Peace, 1959

Frederick Sanger, Chemistry, 1958

Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, Chemistry, 1957

Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, Chemistry, 1956

Max Born, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1954

Winston Churchill, Literature, 1953

Hans Adolf Krebs, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1953

Archer John Porter Martin, Chemistry, 1952

Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Chemistry, 1952

John Cockcroft, Physics, 1951

Bertrand Russell, Literature, 1950

Cecil Frank Powell, Physics, 1950

John Boyd Orr, Peace, 1949

T. S. Eliot, born in the United States, Literature, 1948

Patrick Blackett, Baron Blackett, Physics, 1948

Edward Victor Appleton, Physics, 1947

Robert Robinson, Chemistry, 1947

Friends Service Council, Peace, 1947

Ernst Boris Chain, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1945

Alexander Fleming, Physiology or Medicine, 1945

George Paget Thomson, Physics, 1937

Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, Peace, 1937

Norman Haworth, Chemistry, 1937

Henry Hallett Dale, Physiology or Medicine, 1936

James Chadwick, Physics, 1935

Arthur Henderson, Peace, 1934

Norman Angell, Peace, 1933

Paul Dirac, Physics, 1933

Charles Scott Sherrington, Physiology or Medicine, 1932

John Galsworthy, Literature, 1932

Edgar Adrian, 1st Baron Adrian, Physiology or Medicine, 1932

Arthur Harden, Chemistry, 1929

Frederick Hopkins, Physiology or Medicine, 1929

Owen Willans Richardson, Physics, 1928

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, Physics, 1927

Austen Chamberlain, Peace, 1925

George Bernard Shaw, born in Ireland, Literature, 1925

John James Rickard Macleod, Physiology or Medicine, 1923

Archibald Vivian Hill, Physiology or Medicine, 1922

Francis William Aston, Chemistry, 1922

Frederick Soddy, Chemistry, 1921

Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917

William Henry Bragg, Physics, 1915

William Lawrence Bragg, born in Australia, Physics, 1915

Ernest Rutherford, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 1908

Rudyard Kipling, born in India, Literature, 1907

J. J. Thomson, Physics, 1906

John Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, Physics, 1904

William Ramsay, Chemistry, 1904

William Randal Cremer, Peace, 1903

Ronald Ross, born in India, Physiology or Medicine, 1902

United States

President Clinton meets the 1998 U.S. Nobel Prize winners in the White House.


Bob Dylan, Literature, 2016

Oliver Hart, born in United Kingdom, Economics, 2016

Fraser Stoddart, born in United Kingdom, Chemistry, 2016

David J. Thouless, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2016

F. Duncan M. Haldane, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2016

John M. Kosterlitz, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2016

Angus Deaton, born in United Kingdom, Economics, 2015

Paul L. Modrich, Chemistry, 2015

Aziz Sancar, born in Turkey, Chemistry, 2015

William C. Campbell, born in Ireland, Physiology or Medicine, 2015

William E. Moerner, Chemistry, 2014

Eric Betzig, Chemistry, 2014

Shuji Nakamura, born in Japan, Physics, 2014

John O'Keefe, Physiology or Medicine, 2014

Robert J. Shiller, Economics, 2013

Lars Peter Hansen, Economics, 2013

Eugene F. Fama, Economics, 2013

Arieh Warshel, born in Israel, Chemistry, 2013

Michael Levitt, as an Israeli citizen, Chemistry, 2013

Martin Karplus, born in Austria, Chemistry, 2013

Randy Schekman, Physiology or Medicine, 2013

Thomas C. Südhof, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 2013

James Rothman, Physiology or Medicine, 2013

Alvin E. Roth, Economics, 2012

Lloyd S. Shapley, Economics, 2012

Brian K. Kobilka, Chemistry, 2012

Robert J. Lefkowitz, Chemistry, 2012

David J. Wineland, Physics, 2012

Christopher A. Sims, Economics, 2011

Thomas J. Sargent, Economics, 2011

Saul Perlmutter, Physics, 2011

Brian P. Schmidt, Physics, 2011

Adam G. Riess, Physics, 2011

Ralph M. Steinman, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 2011

Bruce Beutler, Physiology or Medicine, 2011

Peter A. Diamond, Economics, 2010

Dale T. Mortensen, Economics, 2010

Richard F. Heck, Chemistry, 2010

Elinor Ostrom, Economics, 2009

Oliver Eaton Williamson, Economics, 2009

Barack H. Obama, Peace, 2009

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, born in India, Chemistry, 2009

Thomas A. Steitz, Chemistry, 2009

Willard S. Boyle, born in Canada, Physics, 2009

Charles K. Kao, born in China, Physics, 2009

George E. Smith, Physics, 2009

Elizabeth Blackburn, born in Australia, Physiology or Medicine, 2009

Carol W. Greider, Physiology or Medicine, 2009

Jack W. Szostak, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2009

Paul Krugman, Economics, 2008

Roger Yonchien Tsien, Chemistry, 2008

Martin Chalfie, Chemistry, 2008

Osamu Shimomura, born in Japan, Chemistry, 2008

Yoichiro Nambu, born in Japan, Physics, 2008

Leonid Hurwicz, born in Russia, Economics, 2007

Eric S. Maskin, Economics, 2007

Roger B. Myerson, Economics, 2007

Al Gore, Peace, 2007

Mario R. Capecchi, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 2007

Oliver Smithies, born in United Kingdom, Physiology or Medicine, 2007

Roger D. Kornberg, Chemistry, 2006

John C. Mather, Physics, 2006

Edmund S. Phelps, Economics, 2006

George F. Smoot, Physics, 2006

Andrew Z. Fire, Physiology or Medicine, 2006

Craig C. Mello, Physiology or Medicine, 2006

Robert Aumann, as an Israeli citizen, Economics, 2005

Robert H. Grubbs, Chemistry, 2005

Richard R. Schrock, Chemistry, 2005

Thomas Schelling, Economics, 2005

John L. Hall, Physics, 2005

Roy J. Glauber, Physics, 2005

Irwin Rose, Chemistry, 2004

Edward C. Prescott, Economics, 2004

David J. Gross, Physics, 2004

H. David Politzer, Physics, 2004

Frank Wilczek, Physics, 2004

Richard Axel, Physiology or Medicine, 2004

Linda B. Buck, Physiology or Medicine, 2004

Peter Agre, Chemistry, 2003

Roderick MacKinnon, Chemistry, 2003

Robert F. Engle, Economics, 2003

Anthony J. Leggett, born in United Kingdom, Physics, 2003

Paul C. Lauterbur, Physiology or Medicine, 2003

Alexei A. Abrikosov, born in Russia, Physics, 2003

Daniel Kahneman, born in Israel, Economics, 2002

Vernon L. Smith, Economics, 2002

Jimmy Carter, Peace, 2002

John Bennett Fenn, Chemistry, 2002

Raymond Davis Jr., Physics, 2002

Riccardo Giacconi, born in Italy, Physics, 2002

Sydney Brenner, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 2002

H. Robert Horvitz, Physiology or Medicine, 2002

William S. Knowles, Chemistry, 2001

K. Barry Sharpless, Chemistry, 2001

Joseph E. Stiglitz, Economics, 2001

George A. Akerlof, Economics, 2001

A. Michael Spence, Economics, 2001

Eric A. Cornell, Physics, 2001

Carl E. Wieman, Physics, 2001

Leland H. Hartwell, Physiology or Medicine, 2001

Alan Heeger, Chemistry, 2000

Alan MacDiarmid, born in New Zealand, Chemistry, 2000

James J. Heckman, Economics, 2000

Daniel L. McFadden, Economics, 2000

Jack Kilby, Physics, 2000

Paul Greengard, Physiology or Medicine, 2000

Eric R. Kandel, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 2000

Ahmed H. Zewail, born in Egypt, Chemistry, 1999

Günter Blobel, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1999

Walter Kohn, born in Austria, Chemistry, 1998

Horst Ludwig Störmer, born in Germany, Physics, 1998

Robert B. Laughlin, Physics, 1998

Daniel C. Tsui, born in China, Physics, 1998

Robert F. Furchgott, Physiology or Medicine, 1998

Louis J. Ignarro, Physiology or Medicine, 1998

Ferid Murad, Physiology or Medicine, 1998

Paul D. Boyer, Chemistry, 1997

Robert C. Merton, Economics, 1997

Myron Scholes, born in Canada, Economics, 1997

Jody Williams, Peace, 1997

Steven Chu, Physics, 1997

William D. Phillips, Physics, 1997

Stanley B. Prusiner, Physiology or Medicine, 1997

Richard E. Smalley, Chemistry, 1996

Robert F. Curl Jr., Chemistry, 1996

William Vickrey, born in Canada, Economics, 1996

David M. Lee, Physics, 1996

Douglas D. Osheroff, Physics, 1996

Robert C. Richardson, Physics, 1996

Mario J. Molina, born in Mexico, Chemistry, 1995

F. Sherwood Rowland, Chemistry, 1995

Robert Lucas, Jr., Economics, 1995

Martin L. Perl, Physics, 1995

Frederick Reines, Physics, 1995

Edward B. Lewis, Physiology or Medicine, 1995

Eric F. Wieschaus, Physiology or Medicine, 1995

George Andrew Olah, born in Hungary, Chemistry, 1994

John Charles Harsanyi, born in Hungary, Economics, 1994

John Forbes Nash, Economics, 1994

Clifford G. Shull, Physics, 1994

Alfred G. Gilman, Physiology or Medicine, 1994

Martin Rodbell, Physiology or Medicine, 1994

Kary B. Mullis, Chemistry, 1993

Robert W. Fogel, Economics, 1993

Douglass C. North, Economics, 1993

Toni Morrison, Literature, 1993

Russell A. Hulse, Physics, 1993

Joseph H. Taylor Jr., Physics, 1993

Phillip A. Sharp, Physiology or Medicine, 1993

Rudolph A. Marcus, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1992

Gary S. Becker, Economics, 1992

Edmond H. Fischer, born in China, Physiology or Medicine, 1992

Edwin G. Krebs, Physiology or Medicine, 1992

Ronald Coase, born in the United Kingdom, Economics, 1991

Elias James Corey, Chemistry, 1990

Merton H. Miller, Economics, 1990

William F. Sharpe, Economics, 1990

Harry M. Markowitz, Economics, 1990

Jerome I. Friedman, Physics, 1990

Henry W. Kendall, Physics, 1990

Joseph E. Murray, Physiology or Medicine, 1990

E. Donnall Thomas, Physiology or Medicine, 1990

Sidney Altman, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1990

Thomas R. Cech, Chemistry, 1989

Hans G. Dehmelt, born in Germany, Physics, 1989

Norman F. Ramsey, Physics, 1989

J. Michael Bishop, Physiology or Medicine, 1989

Harold E. Varmus, Physiology or Medicine, 1989

Leon M. Lederman, Physics, 1988

Melvin Schwartz, Physics, 1988

Jack Steinberger, born in Germany, Physics, 1988

Gertrude B. Elion, Physiology or Medicine, 1988

George H. Hitchings, Physiology or Medicine, 1988

Charles J. Pedersen, born in Korea, Chemistry, 1987

Donald J. Cram, Chemistry, 1987

Robert M. Solow, Economics, 1987

Joseph Brodsky, born in Russia, Literature, 1987

Dudley R. Herschbach, Chemistry, 1986

Yuan T. Lee, born in Taiwan, Chemistry, 1986

James M. Buchanan, Economics, 1986

Elie Wiesel, born in Romania, Peace, 1986

Stanley Cohen, Physiology or Medicine, 1986

Rita Levi-Montalcini, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1986

Jerome Karle, Chemistry, 1985

Herbert A. Hauptman, Chemistry, 1985

Franco Modigliani, born in Italy, Economics, 1985

Michael S. Brown, Physiology or Medicine, 1985

Joseph L. Goldstein, Physiology or Medicine, 1985

Bruce Merrifield, Chemistry, 1984

Henry Taube, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1983

Gérard Debreu, born in France, Economics, 1983

William A. Fowler, Physics, 1983

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, born in India, Physics, 1983

Barbara McClintock, Physiology or Medicine, 1983

George J. Stigler, Economics, 1982

Kenneth G. Wilson, Physics, 1982

Roald Hoffmann, born in then Poland, now Ukraine, Chemistry, 1981

James Tobin, Economics, 1981

Nicolaas Bloembergen, born in the Netherlands, Physics, 1981

Arthur L. Schawlow, Physics, 1981

David H. Hubel, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1981

Roger W. Sperry, Physiology or Medicine, 1981

Walter Gilbert, Chemistry, 1980

Paul Berg, Chemistry, 1980

Lawrence R. Klein, Economics, 1980

Czesław Miłosz, born in then Russian Empire, now Lithuania, Literature, 1980

James Cronin, Physics, 1980

Val Fitch, Physics, 1980

Baruj Benacerraf, born in Venezuela, Physiology or Medicine, 1980

George D. Snell, Physiology or Medicine, 1980

Herbert C. Brown, born in the United Kingdom, Chemistry, 1979

Theodore Schultz, Economics, 1979

Steven Weinberg, Physics, 1979

Sheldon Glashow, Physics, 1979

Allan M. Cormack, born in South Africa, Physiology or Medicine, 1979

Herbert A. Simon, Economics, 1978

Isaac Bashevis Singer, born in then Russian Empire, now Poland, Literature, 1978

Robert Woodrow Wilson, Physics, 1978

Arno Penzias, born in Germany, Physics, 1978

Hamilton O. Smith, Physiology or Medicine, 1978

Daniel Nathans, Physiology or Medicine, 1978

Philip Anderson, Physics, 1977

John H. van Vleck, Physics, 1977

Roger Guillemin, born in France, Physiology or Medicine, 1977

Andrzej W. Schally, born in then Poland, now Lithuania, Physiology or Medicine, 1977

Rosalyn Yalow, Physiology or Medicine, 1977

William Lipscomb, Chemistry, 1976

Milton Friedman, Economics, 1976

Saul Bellow, born in Canada, Literature, 1976

Burton Richter, Physics, 1976

Samuel C. C. Ting, Physics, 1976

Baruch S. Blumberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1976

Daniel Carleton Gajdusek, Physiology or Medicine, 1976

Tjalling C. Koopmans, born in the Netherlands, Economics, 1975

Ben R. Mottelson, Physics, 1975

James Rainwater, Physics, 1975

David Baltimore, Physiology or Medicine, 1975

Renato Dulbecco, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1975

Howard Martin Temin, Physiology or Medicine, 1975

Paul J. Flory, Chemistry, 1974

George E. Palade, born in Romania, Physiology or Medicine, 1974

Wassily Leontief, born in Germany, Economics, 1973

Henry Kissinger, born in Germany, Peace, 1973

Ivar Giaever, Norway, Physics, 1973

Christian Anfinsen, Chemistry, 1972

Stanford Moore, Chemistry, 1972

William H. Stein, Chemistry, 1972

Kenneth J. Arrow, Economics, 1972

John Bardeen, Physics, 1972

Leon N. Cooper, Physics, 1972

Robert Schrieffer, Physics, 1972

Gerald Edelman, Physiology or Medicine, 1972

Simon Kuznets, born in then Russia, now Belarus, Economics, 1971

Earl W. Sutherland Jr., Physiology or Medicine, 1971

Paul A. Samuelson, Economics, 1970

Norman Borlaug, Peace, 1970

Julius Axelrod, Physiology or Medicine, 1970

Murray Gell-Mann, Physics, 1969

Max Delbrück, born in Germany, Physiology or Medicine, 1969

Alfred Hershey, Physiology or Medicine, 1969

Salvador Luria, born in Italy, Physiology or Medicine, 1969

Lars Onsager, born in Norway, Chemistry, 1968

Luis Alvarez, Physics, 1968

Robert W. Holley, Physiology or Medicine, 1968

Har Gobind Khorana, born in India, Physiology or Medicine, 1968

Marshall Warren Nirenberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1968

Hans Bethe, born in then Germany, now France, Physics, 1967

Haldan Keffer Hartline, Physiology or Medicine, 1967

George Wald, Physiology or Medicine, 1967

Robert S. Mulliken, Chemistry, 1966

Charles B. Huggins, born in Canada, Physiology or Medicine, 1966

Francis Peyton Rous, Physiology or Medicine, 1966

Robert B. Woodward, Chemistry, 1965

Richard P. Feynman, Physics, 1965

Julian Schwinger, Physics, 1965

Martin Luther King, Jr., Peace, 1964

Charles H. Townes, Physics, 1964

Konrad Bloch, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physiology or Medicine, 1964

Maria Goeppert-Mayer, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1963

Eugene Wigner, born in Hungary, Physics, 1963

John Steinbeck, Literature, 1962

Linus C. Pauling, Peace, 1962

James D. Watson, Physiology or Medicine, 1962

Melvin Calvin, Chemistry, 1961

Robert Hofstadter, Physics, 1961

Georg von Békésy, born in Hungary, Physiology or Medicine, 1961

Willard F. Libby, Chemistry, 1960

Donald A. Glaser, Physics, 1960

Owen Chamberlain, Physics, 1959

Emilio Segrè, born in Italy, Physics, 1959

Arthur Kornberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1959

Severo Ochoa, born in Spain, Physiology or Medicine, 1959

George Beadle, Physiology or Medicine, 1958

Joshua Lederberg, Physiology or Medicine, 1958

Edward Tatum, Physiology or Medicine, 1958

Chen Ning Yang, born in China, Physics, 1957

Tsung-Dao Lee, born in China, Physics, 1957

William B. Shockley, Physics, 1956

John Bardeen, Physics, 1956

Walter H. Brattain, born in China, Physics, 1956

Dickinson W. Richards, Physiology or Medicine, 1956

André F. Cournand, France, Physiology or Medicine, 1956

Vincent du Vigneaud, Chemistry, 1955

Willis E. Lamb, Physics, 1955

Polykarp Kusch, born in Germany, Physics, 1955

Linus C. Pauling, Chemistry, 1954

Ernest Hemingway, Literature, 1954

John F. Enders, Physiology or Medicine, 1954

Frederick C. Robbins, Physiology or Medicine, 1954

Thomas H. Weller, Physiology or Medicine, 1954

George C. Marshall, Peace, 1953

Fritz Lipmann, born in then Germany, now Russia, Physiology or Medicine, 1953

E. M. Purcell, Physics, 1952

Felix Bloch, born in Switzerland, Physics, 1952

Selman A. Waksman, born in then Russian Empire, now Ukraine, Physiology or Medicine, 1952

Edwin M. McMillan, Chemistry, 1951

Glenn Theodore Seaborg, Chemistry, 1951

Ralph J. Bunche, Peace, 1950

Philip S. Hench, Physiology or Medicine, 1950

Edward C. Kendall, Physiology or Medicine, 1950

William Giauque, born in Canada, Chemistry, 1949

William Faulkner, Literature, 1949

T. S. Eliot, Literature, 1948

American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers), Peace, 1947

Carl Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947

Gerty Cori, born in Austria, Physiology or Medicine, 1947

Wendell M. Stanley, Chemistry, 1946

James B. Sumner, Chemistry, 1946

John H. Northrop, Chemistry, 1946

Emily G. Balch, Peace, 1946

John R. Mott, Peace, 1946

Percy W. Bridgman, Physics, 1946

Hermann J. Muller, Physiology or Medicine, 1946

Cordell Hull, Peace, 1945

Isidor Isaac Rabi, born in Austria, Physics, 1944

Joseph Erlanger, Physiology or Medicine, 1944

Herbert S. Gasser, Physiology or Medicine, 1944

Otto Stern, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1943

Edward A. Doisy, Physiology or Medicine, 1943

Ernest Lawrence, Physics, 1939

Pearl S. Buck, Literature, 1938

Clinton Davisson, Physics, 1937

Eugene O'Neill, Literature, 1936

Carl Anderson, Physics, 1936

Harold C. Urey, Chemistry, 1934

George R. Minot, Physiology or Medicine, 1934

William P. Murphy, Physiology or Medicine, 1934

George H. Whipple, Physiology or Medicine, 1934

Thomas H. Morgan, Physiology or Medicine, 1933

Irving Langmuir, Chemistry, 1932

Jane Addams, Peace, 1931

Nicholas M. Butler, Peace, 1931

Sinclair Lewis, Literature, 1930

Frank B. Kellogg, Peace, 1929

Arthur H. Compton, Physics, 1927

Charles G. Dawes, Peace, 1925

Robert A. Millikan, Physics, 1923

Woodrow Wilson, Peace, 1919

Theodore W. Richards, Chemistry, 1914

Elihu Root, Peace, 1912

Albert A. Michelson, born in then Germany, now Poland, Physics, 1907

Theodore Roosevelt, Peace, 1906

Venezuela

Baruj Benacerraf, Physiology or Medicine, 1980


Yemen

Tawakkol Karman, Peace, 2011

Yugoslavia

Ivo Andrić, born in Austria-Hungary, now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Literature, 1961